What is opioid maintenance therapy (OMT)?
Opioid maintenance therapy is currently one of the most popular methods that people can use to get themselves away from illicit drugs. Many of the problems associated with opioid addiction aren’t actually caused by the opioids themselves – opioids aren’t as physically destructive as many other drugs of choice, but they cause serious problems in lifestyle and personal habits.
Many opioid addicts are forced into immoral or unethical behaviour because of their addiction. They may lie to hide their addiction from people, steal or commit petty crimes to get money. These are some of the biggest problems that lead them down a dark road that often includes legal stints, homelessness, unemployment, and damaged relationships.
Opioid maintenance therapy allows struggling addicts to get the drugs that they need without having to do illegal activities to get them. There’s no more calling drug dealers, no more stealing for money, and no more lying. They are able to get long-lasting opioids from medical professionals.
What drugs are used for OMT?
Opioid maintenance therapy typically uses one of two drugs to treat the problem.
Methadone is usually available in a liquid form. However, it’s been proven that methadone is quite destructive to a person’s physical health. Because of that, OMT practitioners have begun using different drugs like Suboxone.
Suboxone is a preparation that contains buprenorphine. Buprenorphine has not been shown to be as destructive as methadone, though long-term studies haven’t been done on buprenorphine for nearly as long as they were done on methadone.
These drugs are both long-lasting which allows users the freedom of not needing to re-dose. In most cases, users will be able to feel the effects of these drugs for 24 hours, which means they won’t need to go out and seek drugs from the streets.
The two drugs are also available in different preparations. Methadone, which is usually available in a liquid form, also comes in pill form and can be intravenously delivered by medical professionals. Suboxone comes in pill form and also comes as ‘strips.’